Pounamu helps historic church restoration

Toko Toru Tapu Anglican Church, Manutuke, Gisborne.

Toko Toru Tapu Anglican Church, Manutuke, Gisborne 2014.

A  masquerade ball will be held in  Sydney on 13 September,  to  assist with the restoration of the historic and picturesque Toko Toru Tapu Anglican  Church at Manutuke, Gisborne.  The evening will include auctions, raffles and door prizes and authenticated Ngāi Tahu Pounamu carver, Paul Graham of Manutuke has donated some of his beautiful pounamu carvings for the Sydney auction.

The Sydney event is being held to ensure the historic and beautiful Toko Toru Tapu Anglican Church at Manutuke, will continue to be the centre of our wider community and the Anglican Pihopatanga for another 100 years.  The project has been a work in progress for approximately 4 years and is now in the final stages of completion.

Stage one of the restoration project began in 2009 under the guidance of architect, James Blackburne from the Historic Places Trust. The project is now 80% complete with the  final  stage expected to cost approximately $350,000.

One of the Paul Graham pounamu carvings being auctioned to raise funds.

One of the Paul Graham pounamu carvings being auctioned to raise funds.

Built in 1913, this church is arguably the most historically-significant Maori church in New Zealand.  Toko Toru Tapu Church combines the external look of a colonial church with a Maori carved timber interior. But what makes it truly unique is the nature of those carvings, which are quite distinct  from others of the era.  They are the result of a clash between the patriarch of Christianity in this district, Anglican missionary William Williams, and the patriarch of local carving, Rahuruhi Rukupo of Rongowhakaata, now regarded as the most famous of the great carvers of the 19th century.

 The church has had little maintenance since the 1960′s and it was in desperate need of attention.  The project has involved general maintenance along with earthquake strengthening.  Key elements such as the windows have been fully restored and the old roof tiles have been replaced with a new diamond shape tile imported from the USA.  The original bell tower – removed due to rot during  the early 1960s – was also reinstated.

 Further information pertaining to this project can be found at:

https://www.facebook.com/pages/Toko-Toru-Tapu-Church-Manutuke/135986036434606

Ready to Post

Mere in a box

Mere in a box

Pendants in waiting

Pendants in waiting

From Authentic Ngai Tahu Pounamu to You

 

World Jade Symposium

Pounamu (4) xxJadeS, the World Jade Symposium will be held in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada from November 21-23.

JadeS is a socially and environmentally conscious event and exhibition with the aim of providing both a platform for local and international lapidary enthusiasts to showcase their work and an exciting exhibition to engage and educate the public.

It’s an ambitious event that includes lectures, exhibitions, a jade carving competition and the making of a documentary film.  Topics covered will include the origins, history and meanings of jade; the cultural applications of jade – including a panel discussion on New Zealand Maori jade history and the importance of jade to Chinese culture.  Speakers will talk about jade typologies and technologies, jade’s global reach (from the Yukon and Siberia to China and New Zealand); and working with jade as a carver.

Central to the conference is a jade carving competition with participants from around the world including indigenous and non-indigenous carvers from China, Russia, Canada, UUSA and New Zealand. The event was first held in 2011, when 44 artists from around the world participated and New Zealand carvers Don Salt, Lewis Gardiner, Scott Parker, Ric Moor, Dallas Crombie and Stephen Myhre all took part.

The competition includes categories for jewellery and sculpture, with several prizes in each category; and works can be submitted either physically, or online. It’s a chance for carvers to expose their work to a wide audience and to meet and discuss ideas with other carvers.

Pounamu in riverJade is a precious rock that has had special significance since prehistoric times. In China, it was and continues to be a revered material of tremendous cultural importance. Jade’s history is immense and extends from Asia and Europe all the way to the Americas and the South Pacific. That cultural importance will be shown off in the exhibition.

In addition, a professional documentary film relating many great stories about jade is currently under production and will be premiered at the November jadeS event.

The story of jade is vast and complicated and there are many mysteries and legends attached to it that extend way beyond Maori culture. Many different cultures and carvers from different countries will be included in the film from Chinese carvers in back alley bazaars and Russian carvers in the Siberian wilderness and the heart of St. Petersburg to Maori carvers working in New Zealand. Canadian indigenous carvers will also feature.

If you would like to know more about jadeS, check out www.jadesymposium.com which features numerous photographs of carvers and their work, the raw material and interesting videos.

My Pounamu – Patsy Perenara-O’Connell

Patsy Perenara-O'Connell

Patsy Perenara-O’Connell

Patsy Perenara-O’Connell (Te Arawa, Ngā Rauru, Ngāti Tūwharetoa, Te Rarawa, Ngāti Porou, and Ngāti Pukenga), was born and raised in Taranaki (Waverley) and has lived in Christchurch for the last sixteen years. She is the Executive Assistant to the Chief Executive Officer at Te Rūnanga o Ngāi Tahu and has been with the organization for 11 years. She talks here, about her favourite piece of pounamu.

My husband (David) gave me this beautiful taonga for our fifth wedding anniversary in 2011. This was blessed and named ‘Puhi Raki’ by Puamiria Parata-Goodall. ‘Puhi Raki’ links to my Taranaki whakapapa.
• Puhi – to adorn with feathers or a bunch of feathers: refers to my raukura – a plume of albatross feathers that we wear in our hair.
• Raki – North: self explanatory, but of course I hail from the North Island

Puhi Raki is my Kaitiaki, I wear this every time I travel afar, especially when flying. I do karakia whilst holding my hei tiki before takeoff, this is because I’m actually afraid of flying (but I will fly as I don’t’ want to be left behind) and because it’s my interpretation of a practice that we do back home in Taranaki.

Most, if not all Māori from this area, call into a small church (on the Nukumaru straight) called Tūtahi. This is to give thanks to those who guide and protect us on our travels. My koko told me that it is believed that soldiers from WWI/II who stopped there before leaving the country all returned home. Puhi Raki will never replace our church, but it is the next best thing for a girl living away from home.

Patsy 2 smallThis taonga will remain in our whānau for our children and moko and hopefully remind them of their Ngā Rauru whakapapa and the tradition that we still do to this day.

New Carvings

Here’s a selection of new carvings fresh from Waewae Pounamu

waewae 4

waewae 5

waewae 1

waewae 3

waewae 2

British archery champion wears pounamu

Danielle Brown (left) and Karen Moffatt-McLeod

Danielle Brown (left) and Karen Moffatt-McLeod

When British archery champion Danielle Brown MBE presented the Champion of Champions Trophy at the New Zealand National Archery Championships in Whitianga in early January, she had no idea she was about to be presented with a piece of authenticated Ngāi Tahu Pounamu.

Dani, who is a two-time Paralympic gold medallist and three-time World Champion archer, was in New Zealand competing in the championships, where she won both the target champs and the match-play championships. The event was attended by 150 archers from ten countries.

Tournament organizer, Karen Moffatt-McLeod presented Dani with a specially-commissioned pounamu kōwhai carved by authenticated Ngāi Tahu Pounamu carver Paul Graham. The piece is carved in kawakawa stone and Dani was delighted and overwhelmed by the gift. She plans to wear it at the European Archery Festival, which is running in the United Kingdom this weekend.

Iwi / miners deal targets black market pounamu

Over 3-tonnes of pounamu by-product has already been returned.

Over 3-tonnes of pounamu by-product has already been returned.

An agreement signed between Poutini Ngāi Tahu and the West Coast mining industry should spell the end of the pounamu black market and bring mana back to the stone.
The agreement was reached between the two West Coast rūnanga, Makaawhio and Ngāti Waewae and all future mining permits issued by New Zealand Petroleum and Minerals will feature a caveat obliging miners to sell pounamu by-product to Ngāi Tahu.
Waewae Pounamu general Manager, Francois Tumahai has been working for two-and-a-half years to finalise the agreement, which will see miners who pass in pounamu by-product rewarded with a payment of 50% of the agreed value of the stone. He has been pleased with the response from miners to date and says over 3-tonne of pounamu by-product has been brought in to Waewae Pounamu in the last six months.

“We’re pleased with that result for the first six months. It’s come from Rimu, just south of Hokitika to Marsden, just south of Greymouth and has included a range of different stones. The  largest piece, a 1.5-tonne kawakawa boulder from the top of the Taramakau River, was a brought in from Kūmara,” Francois says. He adds that 19 miners have signed up to the agreement and five of those have already delivered stone. ”
Eventually, we hope to get to the point where it won’t be worth people selling on the black market and we can supply the pounamu market for a really good price. It’s all about protecting the resource and giving mana back to the stone and the iwi.”

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Ngāi Tahu Pounamu for Winter Olympics

Te Taumata o Angitu - The Pinnacle of Success

Te Taumata o Angitu – The Pinnacle of Success

Sixty-eight pounamu medallions were presented to Peter Wardell, Chef de Mission of the New Zealand Winter Olympics team at Waewae Pounamu in Hokitika last week.

The medallions will be presented to individual athletes attending the Winter Olympics in Sochi, Russia from February 7-23.
Waewae Pounamu general manager, Francois Tumahai presented the medallions to Olympics representatives at a mihi whakatau and blessing held at Waewae Pounamu in Hokitika.

The sixty-eight pieces were created by fulltime Waewae Pounamu carvers Pierre Tumahai, Julie Nicholl and Anthony Coakley and have been named Te Taumata o Angitu – The Pinnacle of Success. The design incorporates a myriad of traditional and contemporary  narratives woven together to reflect the spirit of the 2014 Winter Olympics team.

The base design reflects Aotearoa New Zealand’s highest point, Aoraki/Mount Cook, symbolizing where the athletes are from, who they represent and the magnitude of the challenge ahead. The stone chosen for the pendants – pounamu – reinforces attributes of strength, power and perseverance within the wearer. The orientation of the pendant, leading downwards to a point, reflects a traditional formation for meeting challenges. The notches on the edge of the design reflect the traditional niho taniwha design and the arduous route to success from the base of the mountain to the peak. Complementing the carving design is the bound cord, representing team cohesion as a core component of success.

Olympic representatives attending the event were delighted to have the chance to interact with the carvers and to learn more about the pendants and the Ngāi Tahu Pounamu Authentication Scheme.

Every Olympian for a decade has worn a pounamu pendant and in 2004 Ngāi Tahu, gifted a pounamu touchstone, or Mauri Stone, to the New Zealand Olympic Team. This touchstone accompanies the team to every Olympic Games and is a source of inspiration and pride. And in 2012, Ngāi Tahu Pounamu  was used for the 350 tahutahi/snowflake pendants carved by Jeff Mahuika (Ngāi Tahu – Ngāti Waewae, Ngāti Mahaki; Rangitane) of Hokitika, for the London Olympic team. It was the first time the rare tahutahi stone had been legally used.

 

Lost Taonga

Rewi Couch from Rāpaki with the greywacke taonga.

Rewi Couch from Rāpaki with the greywacke taonga.

On the 17 September the New Zealand Historic Places Trust attended an important hui at Rāpaki Marae.

The hui was held due to the loss of a toki – a taonga tūturu – found during demolition at the Norwich Quay Post Office in Lyttelton in October 2011. This was the first recorded archaeological evidence of Māori occupation in Lyttelton but unfortunately the toki was also the first ever recorded taonga tuturu to be lost.

The taonga, known as the Ohinehou toki, was in the temporary care of the contract archaeologists while waiting to be exhibited at the Quake City exhibition when it opened in March. It was to be exhibited alongside the tekoteko from Kaiapohia Pā, as a tangible acknowledgement of the Kāi Tahu experience, following the earthquakes.
It was noticed missing from the contract archaeologist’s storage facility just prior to it being transferred to the Quake City exhibition.

Attending the hui were Ministry of Culture and Heritage advisors, Honiana Love and Basil Keane, NZHPT Southern Regional Archaeologist, Frank van der Heijden and Pouarahi Huia Pacey, who confirmed to Ngāti Wheke members, that a taonga tuturu had never been lost before, as both organisations relied on the professional care and attention from temporary custodians to safeguard taonga. Neither organisation had processes or protocols to deal with an event of this kind.

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Pounamu in a Basket

West Coast stones

West Coast stones

Small stones

From a West Coast beach

Glowing green

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